How to Use Adobe Photoshop Elements

* See the Getting to Know Photoshop CS6 tour for the “How it Works” section. * See the Basic Training in Photoshop CS6 video at www.dummies.com/go/photoshopcs6aioa for step-by-step instructions. * For Photoshop resources and tutorials, start with the Photoshop CS6 Digital Photo Book online at www.dummies.com/go/photoshopcs6book. * See the online tutorial at www.dummies.com/go/photoshopcs6 for step-by-step instructions for creating and using overlays and transparency, and for creating stunning designs, including drawings, graphics, and web images. * See the online blog at www.dummies.com/go/photoshopcs6, written by a professional photographer. You can also subscribe to this blog via a free e-mail subscription so that you receive tips and advice that can help you in using Photoshop to its fullest potential. * For iPad and Android tablet tips, check out the blog posts at www.dummies.com/go/photoshopcs6aioa. In general, getting the most from Photoshop requires using its many features. Fortunately, the Illustrator and Photoshop CS6 feature-by-feature comparison at the end of this chapter provides you with a handy point of reference for deciding on a software solution that fits the way you work. Understanding Photoshop Elements Photoshop Elements is a free version of Photoshop that enables you to create, edit, and share images. Its features include all the main tools that Photoshop CS6 offers, such as the Gradient Tool and the Brush Tool, and also includes some extras, such as Photoshop Elements’ Smart Objects and mobile capabilities. Photoshop Elements can be used in conjunction with Photoshop CS6 to create and enhance images or imported into Photoshop CS6 to add, edit, and enhance individual images. Also, if you’re familiar with a program, such as Photoshop Elements or Paint Shop Pro, you can use that program to create or enhance images in Photoshop CS6. Chapter 6 has more information on using Photoshop Elements and Paint Shop Pro with Photoshop. Editing images with Photoshop Elements To edit images with Photoshop Elements, follow these steps: 1. Open the image in Photoshop Elements. 2. Choose Enhance⇒Adjust Colors⇒Black and White. When the dialog

Photoshop Elements has a large number of users in a wide range of industries. For instance, Photoshop has been used by NASA for satellite imagery, the ESA for space missions and by the United States government to improve the quality of images. The powerful RAW editor in Photoshop Elements is perfect for fixing and recovering from camera issues or for editing HDR images. The RAW editor can also edit RAW files, and it is the only editor that supports both RAW and JPEG files at the same time. Adobe Photoshop Express can save Photoshop Elements users tons of time and bandwidth by creating small, high-quality JPEG files from RAW files. Adobe Photoshop includes the RAW editor, which can be used to edit RAW files. It is the software that professionals use to work with their RAW files. Get used to the Adobe Photoshop environment if you’re already working with Photoshop, because it will be the key to using the RAW editor. Adobe Photoshop Elements comes with a folder that contains many photo-editing tools. The folder is hidden, but you can navigate to it by clicking the top left corner of the workspace or by using a keyboard shortcut. 1. Opening an Image in Photoshop Elements Open a RAW file from the main menu in the image editor, or right-click the image and select Open in Photoshop Elements. This opens the image in the RAW editor. Click on a tool in the workspace or select it from the main menu. The image is the background, and you can use the tools on the image or the workspace around the image. 2. Switching tools by using the shortcut key Adobe Photoshop uses a system of shortcut keys to control the tools. The most commonly used are the shortcut keys for the tools that work most often, like the Eraser and Paintbrush, but there are also shortcut keys for all tools. When you work with Photoshop Elements and the RAW editor, you will be using the Photoshop shortcut keys. You can use the shortcut keys to access all the tools in the main menu and in the workspace. Some shortcut keys are used more than others, so you need to get used to them before you can use them correctly. The shortcut keys are listed below: Arrow keys: Move from the start of the toolbox and use the arrows to select the tool you want to use. Select tool: Open the tool box and select the tool you want to use from the menu. 2. 05a79cecff

Efficient algorithm for the recognition of carbon nanostructures in scanning tunneling microscopy images. A new efficient algorithm is proposed for the recognition of carbon nanostructures in a scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) image. This algorithm is also applied for the recognition of graphene. The proposed algorithm can identify the number of sp(2)-carbon atoms and defects (chakras, six-membered rings, and five-membered rings) with time complexity of O(N). It also can recognize the hybridization of sp(2)-bonded carbon atoms. Moreover, the algorithm can determine the number of sp(2)-bonded carbon atoms in a graphite. this year that we’ve been able to kind of smooth things out so we can enjoy it more, I think. Q:How does your friendship with the Starks and other Starks at The Winterfell keep you grounded? A:I think you know this – [it’s] a long standing relationship. I used to go to Brandon’s house back in the time and I got to meet his wife and kids. It’s a long relationship, but it’s incredibly fun to have that happen. Q:It must be a big thing to go home again. A:I think there are a lot of emotions on that for the Starks, you know, for us to go back and at this point and it’s different for everyone. For me, it’s a lot of fun – it’s what I’ve done for the past year and a half – I got to kind of live at that place. So, I kind of just forgot about it. Q:This is your first time being in that house. A:It is. Q:Was the ride back kind of hard? A:I’ve been back in the Starks house before when they did a sort of fitting and it was a great experience for me but, you know, it’s been a while and it was really nice to go back. Q:How was it for you to rejoin them? A:It was fun. It’s really hard to avoid the Starks when you’re on set. You know, there’s no other choice, so you have to go back and say, ‘

Q: Prove that the Gamma Function is a log-periodic function I have been trying to prove that the Gamma function $\Gamma(z)$ is a log-periodic function, that is, $\Gamma(z+1)=\Gamma(z)+c$ where $c$ is a constant. I tried to use Stirling’s approximation for this particular function, $\Gamma(z) \sim \sqrt{2\pi}z^z (z!)^{ -1}e^{ -z}$ Applying this for $z+1$, $\Gamma(z+1)\sim \sqrt{2\pi}(z+1)^{(z+1)} (z+1!)^{ -1}e^{ -(z+1)}$ Then using some identities (which can be easily derived) $(z+1)^{(z+1)}=(z+1)(z+1)^z$ and $e^{ -(z+1)}=e^{ -z}e^{ -1}$ I was then hoping to simplify $(z+1)!=(z+1)^{z+1}$, resulting in $\Gamma(z+1) \sim \sqrt{2\pi}(z+1)^z (z+1)^{ -1}e^{ -z}e^{ -1}$. I assume I have made some mistake but I can’t see where. A: I think your calculation is not right: Using Stirling’s Formula, \begin{align} (z+1)^{z+1} &= (z+1)(z+1)^z \\ &= (z+1)(\frac{z^z}{e^z} e^{ -z}) \\ &= (z+1)\left(\frac{\sqrt{2\pi}(z+1)^z}{e^z} e^{ -z}\right) \\ &= (z+1)\left(\sqrt{2\pi}(z+1)^z e^{ -z}\right) \end{align} And using \$\Gamma (z+1) = \int_{0}^{+\infty} x^{z} e^{ -x}